The agreement was signed by Mariam bint Mohammed Almheiri, Minister of Climate Change and Environment; Mohammad Al Najjar, Jordanian Minister for Water and Irrigation, and Esawi Frej, Israeli Minister for Regional Cooperation.
The memorandum of understanding concerns the Prosperity project, which has two components: Prosperity Green and Prosperity Blue. Prosperity Green includes a 600 megawatt (MW) solar photovoltaic power plant, complete with electrical storage, which will be built in Jordan and produce clean energy for export to Israel. Prosperity Blue is a sustainable water desalination program, located in Israel, to export to Jordan 200 million cubic meters of drinking water per year.
The three countries signed an initial declaration of intent to explore the feasibility of the two projects at Expo 2020 Dubai in the United Arab Emirates in November 2021.
In accordance with the MoU, feasibility studies for each of the projects are underway and the parties claim that Prosperity Green and Prosperity Blue have positive potential prospects. The UAE, Jordan and Israel will continue to commit to developing the necessary implementation plans in time for COP28, to be held in the UAE next November.
The Prosperity Project was proposed to help address some of the challenges posed by climate change on water and energy security in the Middle East, and to promote renewable energy, sustainable water supply and stability in the region.