Politics | The Economist

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Rebels Ethiopia the northern Tigray region captured two strategic cities and was preparing to march on Addis Ababa, the capital. An allied rebel force, claiming to represent the Oromos, Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group, said it had cut off routes to Addis Ababa from the south. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed declared a state of emergency and said Ethiopia would beat the rebels with “the bones and blood of its children.” The Tigrayans in the capital were rounded up and detained.

The African National Congress, which ruled South Africa since the end of apartheid in 1994, suffered its biggest electoral defeat, falling for the first time below 50% in a national election. The elections were local elections, which generally produced a lower turnout of ANC supporters. But they suggest the party may struggle to secure a majority in the 2024 general election.

America, Britain, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates called on the leaders for a military coup in Sudan re-establish a transitional government led by civilians. The latter two came as a surprise: the coup leader, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, reportedly had the support of Arab allies, including the United Arab Emirates.

The Knesset in Israel narrowly approved the government’s budget for 2021, a big victory for new Prime Minister Naftali Bennett. If he had failed, another general election would have been called.

Interviews between Iran and six world powers, aimed at resuscitating the nuclear deal Iran signed in 2015, will resume later this month. Discussions were suspended in June after the election of the new hardline Iranian president, Ebrahim Raisi. America, which withdrew from the agreement under Donald Trump in 2018, will participate.

At least nine people were killed by a car bomb near Aden airport, from Yemen provisional capital, the deadliest attack in the city since December. No one claimed responsibility. A day later, dozens of people were killed or injured in Marib province when missiles launched by the Houthi rebel movement hit a religious school and a mosque, the government said.

Talk about hot air

The UN Climate change conference, Where COP26, started in Glasgow. Governments have pledged to reduce methane emissions and end deforestation by 2030. Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping did not attend, but the Chinese president wrote to urge more support from developing countries. development. Some leaders have been mocked for their travel arrangements. Joe Biden’s motorcade consisted of 20 vehicles. Boris Johnson returned to London by private plane. A spokesperson said the plane was carbon efficient.

Narendra Modi, india Prime Minister, said his country aims to achieve net zero emissions by 2070. Many rich countries have pledged to achieve net zero by 2050. India, which still relies heavily on coal, would find that a lot more difficult.

As world leaders debated net zero, Britain and France called for a temporary truce in a furious row over the economically insignificant issue of fishing rights in the English Channel. France had seized a British vessel after French fishermen complained that post-Brexit Britain was slow to issue licenses to them. The mackerel melee is certain to resume.

Opposition leaders in Nicaragua (at least those who have not fled abroad) called on voters to boycott a presidential election on November 7. Daniel Ortega, the autocratic president, is set to win a new term after locking up plausible opponents. The EU called the election “bogus”.

A Florida judge has dismissed most of the money laundering charges against Alex Saab, a Colombian who is an ally of Nicolás Maduro, that of Venezuela dictator. Mr. Saab, who has been extradited to the United States, denies all charges.

A Chinese man tennis star, Peng Shuai, posted a social media post accusing former Deputy Prime Minister Zhang Gaoli of sexually assaulting her. Censors quickly decided to remove the online discussion from the case.

Yahoo became the latest U.S. tech company to pull out China. He cited an “increasingly difficult business and legal environment.” Microsoft’s LinkedIn has ended its services in China for similar reasons.

How far can he go for Joe?

A Republican won the governor’s race inVirginia, a post Democrats have held for eight years. Glenn Youngkin, a former private equity executive, has conquered several exurbs that had enthusiastically won over Joe Biden last year. Some swing voters were upset that Mr Youngkin’s opponent suggested that parents should not have a say in what their children learn in school. Democrats narrowly retained the governorship in New Jersey, a party stronghold.

In Minneapolis a voting measure to replace the police force with a ministry of public security was easily rejected. The proposal, in a city still traumatized by the murder of George Floyd, would have forced the city to treat crime as a public health issue.

ISIS’s Khorasan province has killed at least 20 people in a military hospital in Kabul, afghanistan Capital city. The group has also attacked mosques, mainly targeting minority Shia Muslims, since the Taliban took control in August.

The World Health Organization has approved India’s native covid-19 vaccine, known as the COVID-19, for emergency use. Covaxine. Approval of the drug is expected to boost inoculations in the poor world.

Thailand has opened its borders to fully vaccinated visitors from more than 60 countries, as it tries to revive its battered, tourism-dependent economy. However, strict restrictions on the service of alcohol in bars and restaurants remain.

Tonga recorded its first-ever case of covid-19, plunging the Pacific nation into a week-long lockdown. The virus was transmitted by a vaccinated traveler from New Zealand.

This article appeared in the The World This Week section of the print edition under the headline “Politics”

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